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Vande Bharat Express: History, Features, and Services

Published Date: 27-Oct-2023

Vande Bharat Express is a prestigious train which represents a remarkable achievement for Indian Railways. They are high-speed, indigenously developed automated train units. It first started its operations on 15th February 2019 between New Delhi and Varanasi.

About Vandebharat Express

Vande Bharat Express is the second fastest passenger train running in India after the Gatimaan Express. It was inaugurated in 2019 by the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi.

History of Vandebharat Express

Initially, it was named Train 18 but was renamed ‘Vandebharat Express’ to acknowledge the fact that it was completely built in India. The specifications for the train were also standardised by the Research Designs and Standards Organisations (RDSO). It was made for operational optimisation with low-cost maintenance. The estimated cost for a 16-coach Vande Bharat train is about ₹116 crore.

How Vandebharat Express Came into Existence?

Indian Railways maximised efforts from past years to upgrade the safety of the trains. In 2016, Railways decided to focus on speed and comfort by joining hands with China, France, and Germany for the manufacturing of modern train coaches. But the foreign semi-high-speed trains were unsuccessful. Indian Railways decided to build the trains in India, cutting the import costs and making it more reliable.

The train was planned to be operational in 2018, naming it the ‘Train 18’. The Train 18 was equipped with modern facilities like ACs, Wi-Fi, automatic doors, etc. The train has 16 chair cars and a running speed of 160 km/h, exceeding the services and speed of the Shatabdi Express. During the trial runs, Train 18 became the fastest EMU train in India after attaining a speed of 180 km/h.

Facilities and Features of Vande Bharat Express

Indian Railways Vande Bharat Express trains are the first semi-high-speed trains in India with modern facilities. Some of the facilities are:

  • The train is equipped with a security system named KAVACH
  • The operational speed of the train is set up to 160 KM/hr
  • Automatic doors for convenience
  • Reclining and revolving seats in executive class
  • Mobile charging sockets on the seats
  • Amenities like bottle cooler, hot case, deep freezer, and water boiler
  • Direct and diffused lighting for a pleasant ambience
  • Special lavatory for physically challenged passengers
  • Emergency exits and fire extinguishers in all the coaches
  • Security cameras are installed in all coaches for enhanced safety
  • Coaches are equipped with Wi-Fi, smoke alarms, and an odour control system

List of Vande Bharat Express Trains

The current operational Vande Bharat train routes are:

1 Varanasi – New Delhi (22435) New Delhi – Varanasi (22436)
2 New Delhi – SMVD KATRA (22439) SMVD KATRA -New Delhi (22440)
3 Mumbai Central- Gandhinagar CAP (20901) Gandhinagar CAP -Mumbai Central (20902)
4 New Delhi – Amb Andaura (22447) Amb Andaura – New Delhi (22448)
5 Chennai – Mysuru (20607) Mysuru- Chennai (20608)
6 Bilaspur Junction – Nagpur Junction (20825) (Temporarily Replaced with Tejas Express) Nagpur – Bilaspur Junction (20826) (Temporarily Replaced with Tejas Express)
7 Howrah-New Jalpaiguri (22301) New Jalpaiguri Junction – Howrah (22302)
8 Secunderabad – Visakhapatnam (20834) Visakhapatnam -Secunderabad (20833)
9 Mumbai -Sainagar Shirdi (22223) Sainagar Shirdi-Mumbai (22224)
10 Mumbai – Solapur (22225) Solapur- Mumbai (22226)
11 Bhopal-Delhi (20171) Delhi -Bhopal (20172)
12 Secunderabad-Tirupati (20701) Tirupati-Secunderabad(20702)
13 MGR Chennai Central – Coimbatore (20643) Coimbatore – MGR Chennai Central (20644)
14 Delhi Cantonment – Ajmer (20978) Ajmer- Delhi Cantonment (20977)
15 Thiruvananthapuram Central -Kasaragod (20634) Kasaragod-Thiruvananthapuram Central (20633)
16 Puri-Howrah Vande Bharat (22896) Howrah -Puri Vande Bharat (22895)
17 Anand Vihar Terminal – Dehradun (22457) Dehradun-Anand Vihar Terminal (22458)
18 New Jalpaiguri – Guwahati (22227) Guwahati-New Jalpaiguri (22228)
19 Dharwad – Bengaluru (20662) Bengaluru – Dharwad (20661)
20 Patna – Ranchi (22349) Ranchi – Patna (22350)
21 Bhopal – Indore (20911) Indore – Bhopal (20912)
22 Bhopal – Jabalpur (20173) Jabalpur – Bhopal (20174)
23 Mumbai – Goa (22229) Goa – Mumbai (22230)
24 Gorakhpur – Lucknow (22549) Lucknow- Gorakhpur (22550)
25 Ahmedabad – Jodhpur (12462) Jodhpur – Ahmedabad (12461)
26 Udaipur – Jaipur (20979) Jaipur –Udaipur(20980)
27 MGR Chennai Central – Vijayawada (20677) Vijayawada–MGR Chennai Central (20678)
28 Chennai Egmore – Tirunelveli (20665) Tirunelveli–Chennai Egmore (20666)
29 Kacheguda – Yesvantpur (20703) Yesvantpur–Kacheguda(20704)
30 Patna–Howrah (22348) Howrah– Patna (22347)
31 Ranchi – Howrah (20898) Howrah–Ranchi(20897)
32 Puri–Rourkela (20836) Rourkela–Puri (20835)
33 Kasaragod – Thiruvananthapuram (20631) Thiruvananthapuram–Kasaragod (20632)
34 Ahmedabad – Jamnagar (22925) Jamnagar– Ahmedabad (22926)

Vande Bharat Train Schedule

Varanasi Junction-BSB New Delhi Railway Station-NDLS 3:00 PM 11:00 PM 769 km Except Monday and Thursday
New Delhi Railway Station-NDLS Varanasi Junction-BSB 06:00 AM 2:00 PM 769 km Except Monday and Thursday
New Delhi Railway Station-NDLS SMVD KATRA 06:00 AM 2:00 PM 530 km Except Tuesday
SMVD KATRA New Delhi Railway Station-NDLS 3:00 PM 11:00 PM 530 km Except Tuesday
Mumbai Central Gandhinagara CAP 6:10 AM 12:25 PM 520 km Except Sunday
Gandhinagar CAP Mumbai Central 2:05 PM 8:15 PM 520 km Except Sunday
New Delhi Amb Andaura 05:50 AM 11:05 AM 415 km Except Friday
Amb Andaura New Delhi 1:00 PM 6:25 PM 415 km Except Friday
Chennai Central Mysuru 5:50 AM 12:30 PM 479 km Except Wednesday
Mysuru Chennai Central 1:05 PM 7:35 PM 479 km Except Wednesday
Bilaspur Junction Nagpur Junction 06:45 AM 12:15 PM 413 km Except Saturday
Nagpur Junction Bilaspur Junction 2:05 PM 7:35 PM 413 km Except Saturday
Howrah Junction New Jalpaiguri Junction 5:55 AM 1.25 PM 561 km Except Wednesday
New Jalpaiguri Junction Howrah Junction 3:05 PM 8:24 PM 561 km Except Wednesday
Secunderabad Visakhapatnam 3:00 PM 11.30 PM 699 km Except Sunday
Visakhapatnam Secunderabad 5.45 AM 2.15 PM 699 km Except Sunday
Mumbai Solapur 4:05 PM 10:40 PM 400 km Except Wednesday
Solapur Mumbai 4:05 PM 12:35 PM 400 km Except Thursday
Mumbai  Sainagar Shirdi 6:20 AM  11:40 AM 340 km Except Tuesday 
Sainagar Shirdi  Mumbai 5:25 PM 10:50 PM 340 km Except Tuesday
Bhopal New Delhi 1:10 PM 8:46 PM 708 km Except Saturday
New Delhi Bhopal  2:40 PM 10:10 PM 708 km Except Saturday
Secunderabad Tirupati 6:15 AM 2:30 PM 661 km Except Tuesdays
Tirupati Secunderabad 3:15 PM 11:30 PM 661 km Except Tuesdays
Coimbatore Chennai 6:00 AM 11:50 AM Except Wednesday
Chennai Coimbatore 2:25 PM 8:15 PM Except Wednesday
Delhi Cantt Ajmer 6:40 PM 11:55 PM 428 km Except Wednesday
Ajmer Delhi Cantt 6:20 AM 11:35 PM 428 km Except Wednesday
Kasaragod Thiruvananthampuram 2:30 PM 10:35 PM 501 km Except Thursdays 
Thiruvananthampuram Kasaragod 5:20 AM 1:25 PM 501 km Except Thursdays
Howrah Puri 6:10 AM 12:35 PM #N/A Except Thursdays
Puri Howrah 01:50 PM 8:30 PM 502 km Except Thursdays
Delhi Dehradun 5:50 PM 10:35 PM 302 km Except Wednesday
Dehradun Delhi 7:00 AM 11:45 AM 302 km Except Wednesday
Jalpaiguri  Guwahati 6:10 AM 11:40 AM 410 km Except Tuesday
Guwahati Jalpaiguri 4:30 PM 10:00 PM 410 km Except Tuesday
Bengaluru Dharwad  5:45 AM 12:10 PM 489 km
Dharwad Bengaluru 1:15 PM 7:45 PM 489 km
Patna  Ranchi 7:00 AM 1:00 PM 326 km
Ranchi Patna  4:15 PM 10:05 PM 326 km
Indore Bhopal  6:35 AM 9:35 AM 190 km Sunday
Bhopal  Indore 7:25 PM 10:30 PM 190 km Sunday
Udaipur Jaipur 7:50 AM 2:05 PM 435 km Except Tuesday
Jaipur Udaipur 3:45 PM 10:00 PM 435 km Except Tuesday
MGR Chennai Central Vijayawada 5:30 AM 12:10 PM 517 km Except Tuesday
Vijayawada MGR Chennai Central 3:20 PM 10:00 PM 517 km Except Tuesday
Chennai Egmore Tirunelveli 2:50 PM 10:40 PM 650 km Except Tuesday
Tirunelveli Chennai Egmore 6:00 AM 1;50 PM 650 km Except Tuesday
Kacheguda Yesvantpur 5:30 AM 2:00 PM 610 km Except Wednesday
Yesvantpur Kacheguda 2:45 PM 11:15 PM 610 km Except Wednesday
Patna Howrah 8:00 AM 2:35 PM 532 km Except Wednesday
Howrah Patna 3:50 PM 10:40 PM 532 km Except Wednesday
Ranchi Howrah 5:15 PM 12:20 PM 463 km Except Tuesday
Howrah Ranchi 3:45 PM 10:50 PM 463 km Except Tuesday
Puri Rourkela 5:00 AM 12:45 PM 505 km Except Saturdays
Rourkela Puri 2:10 PM 9:41 PM 505 km Except Saturdays
Kasaragod Thiruvananthapuram 7:00 AM 3:05 PM 574 km Except Tuesday
Thiruvananthapuram Kasaragod 4:05 PM 11:58 PM 574 km Except Monday
Ahmedabad Jamnagar 5:55 PM 10:35 PM 332 km Except Tuesday
Jamnagar Ahmedabad 5:30 AM 10:10 AM 332 km Except Wednesday

Vande Bharat Express Speed

Vande Bharat Express is a semi-high-speed train and is the fastest long-route train in India. The maximum permissible speed of the Vande Bharat train is 160 km/h. During the trial run, the Vande Bharat train clocked a speed of 183 km/h. Most of the Indian railway tracks are not capable of supporting very high speeds, so the average permissible running speed is around 120km/h.

  • Maximum Speed: 183 km/h
  • Avg Running Speed: 120 km/h

Vande Bharat Inaugural Run

The Inaugural Run of Vande Bharat Express was on 15 February 2019 between New Delhi and Varanasi. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This Vande Bharat route begins from New Delhi Railway Station to Varanasi Junction via Kanpur and Prayagraj. The train covered a distance of 762 km in just 8 hours. The second Vande Bharat Express started running from Delhi to Katra (Jammu and Kashmir).

Mini Vande Bharat Express

The mini Vande Bharat train has 8 coaches and all the facilities of the 16-coach Vande Bharat Express. It is a mini version of Vande Bharat Express for the shorter routes of 4-5 hours. The mini version is planned to operate on shorter routes with less traffic and crowd.

Vande Metro

Vande Metro is a proposed service to cover a distance of around 100 km. The projected speed and frequency of Vande Metro will be around 130 km/h and will run 5-6 times a day.

Vande Sadharan Services

Vandhe Sadharan will be a non-AC train with general and sleeper coaches for long-distance operations. It is planned to replace the Jan Sadharan Express and Antyodaya Express. The Vande Sadharan train will have 24 coaches and two locomotives at both the front and rear ends to ensure efficient acceleration. Vande Sadharan trains will have features like bio-vacuum toilets, CCTV cameras, and charging points at every seat.

Upcoming Vande Bharat Express

Indian Railways is working on the new routes for Vande Bharat Express. The upcoming Vande Bharat trains include:

  1. Jammu – Srinagar Vande Bharat Express
  2. Amritsar – New Delhi Vande Bharat Express
  3. Haridwar – Varanasi Vande Bharat Express
  4. Kathgodam – New Delhi Vande Bharat Express
  5. Saharanpur – Lucknow – Prayagraj Vande Bharat Express
  6. Indore – Udhna Vande Bharat Express
  7. Vadodara – Pune Vande Bharat Express
  8. Ahmedabad – Mumbai Central Vande Bharat Express
  9. Bengaluru – Madurai Vande Bharat Express
  10. Bengaluru – Kalaburagi Vande Bharat Express
  11. Secunderabad – Nagpur Vande Bharat Express
  12. Secunderabad – Pune Vande Bharat Express
  13. Vijaywada – Tirupati – Bengaluru Vande Bharat Express
  14. Vijayawada – Visakhapatnam Vande Bharat Express
  15. Visakhapatnam – Tirupati Vande Bharat Express
  16. Bhubaneswar – Secunderabad Vande Bharat Express
  17. Puri – Raipur Vande Bharat Express
  18. Howrah – Bokaro Steel City Vande Bharat Express
  19. Tatanagar – Gaya – Varanasi Vande Bharat Express
  20. Ranchi – Deoghar Vande Bharat Express
  21. Patna – Deoghar Vande Bharat Express
  22. Shillong – Mendipathar Vande Bharat Express
  23. Gorakhpur – Patna Vande Bharat Express
  24. Gorakhpur – Varanasi Vande Bharat Express
  25. Gorakhpur – New Delhi Vande Bharat Express
  26. Lucknow – Dehradun Vande Bharat Express
  27. Lucknow – Varanasi Vande Bharat Express
  28. Lucknow – Patna Vande Bharat Express
  29. Prayagraj – Lucknow – Meerut Vande Bharat Express
  30. Prayagraj – Agra Vande Bharat Express
  31. Varanasi – Prayagraj – Ayodhya Vande Bharat Express
  32. Varanasi – New Delhi Vande Bharat Express
  33. Varanasi – Prayagraj – Jhansi Vande Bharat Express

How to Book a Ticket in Vande Bharat Express

There are many options to book a ticket in Vande Bharat, on the website, app, or through a third party. These are some basic steps for Vande Bharat train booking:

  • Go to the IRCTC official website or download the app of IRCTC for Vande Bharat Express booking.
  • Register yourself on the portal. Already registered users can log in through the credentials.
  • Check for the Vande Bharat Express route list and select the dates, origin and destination.
  • Now, check the Vande Bharat train timings and availability on the portal.
  • Check the Vande Bharat Express ticket prices and select the seats.
  • Fill out the details and make the payment. Vande Bharat train route ticket prices vary throughout India.
  • The confirmation of the ticket and PNR number will be sent to your registered mobile number and email.

How to Check the Confirmation Status for Vande Bharat Express

To check the status for the confirmation status for the Vande Bharat Express ticket, you can log in to the IRCTC portal and check the status of your booking. The traveller will also receive a text message with the PNR number on their registered mobile and an email on their registered email.

Tips to Book a Confirmed Ticket in Vandebharat

Here are some tips that will help in Vande Bharat Express ticket booking:

  • Try to book your tickets 2-3 months before the journey for ample availability.
  • Use third-party apps for easy booking.
  • For urgent booking, use the Tatkal ticket to confirm your Vande Bharat booking.
  • If possible, plan your travel on the weekdays to avoid the rush.
  • Why is Vande Bharat Popular?

Vande Bharat is a modern train with facilities like Wi-Fi, CCTV, charging points, and many more which made it a famous choice among travellers. The most important feature of Vande Bharat which attracts business class as well is time saving. It is the fastest long-route train in India with an average running speed of 120 km/hr and few halts. Vande Bharat provides a whole new state-of-the-art experience to travellers with the facilities provided by Indian Railways.


Q: What is the Vande Bharat train ticket price?

A: Vande Bharat ticket price ranges from Rs 700 to Rs 3,000 according to the distance and class.

Q: What are the Vande Bharat Express timings?

A: Vande Bharat train timings may vary according to the stations and schedule. You can check the timing of your train on the Vande Bharat trains list.

Q. Where to go for Vande Bharat ticket booking?

A: You can check for Vande Bharat Express train ticket price and then book it on the official IRCTC website and app.

Sargun Preet Kaur
Sargun has an appetite for challenges and creative hurdles that can help her grow as she conquers them one by one. With an innate desire to travel the world, she weaves through life by visiting her dream destinations. When not in her creative zone, Sargun loves to smash in badminton and binge-watch her favourite shows.
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