Eid ul-Zuha or Eid al-Adha, which translates to the ‘Feast of the Sacrifice’ in English, is one of the two major Islamic holidays celebrated throughout the world, the other being Eid-al-Fitr. Popularly known as Bakra-id, this day and its festivities are a symbol of devotion to Allah and his desires. It also marks the completion of Hajj for Muslims. According to the Islamic Lunar calendar, the festival is observed on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. In 2019, Bakra-id will fall on the evening of 11th August (Sunday) and continue till next day evening; however, the dates may vary depending on the sighting of the moon.
Eid al-Adha History and Significance
The history goes that Allah once commanded Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his beloved son Ismail, in a dream. Although he loved his son dearly, Ibrahim was willing to do as Allah instructed and hence set off to the mount of Mina near Mecca for the sacrifice. Upon knowing that it was God’s wish, Prophet Ismail asked his father to blindfold himself before putting him on the altar. When he opened his eyes after the act, he was surprised to see a slaughtered goat instead of his son in front of him. Ismail was standing next to him, completely unharmed. It was then revealed to him that it was a test of his faith and unflinching devotion to Allah. Therefore, the festival of Eid ul-Zuha is celebrated by the Muslims throughout the world by sacrificing a goat to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s Qurbani to Allah.
Eid ul-Zuha is also observed as the end of the annual pilgrimage of Hajj at Mina near Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. Every Muslim devotee is required to take the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in their life.
Eid ul-Zuha Celebrations across India
People from the Muslim community wear new clothes and visit a mosque to offer their prayers and wish for peace and prosperity. After the namaz, a goat or sheep is sacrificed and divided into three parts to distribute among family, friends, relatives and the poor. Muslim families visit their near and dear ones and wish them “Eid Mubarak”. Special dishes are prepared and presents are exchanged.
Places to Observe Eid ul-Zuha celebration in India
- New Delhi