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Chhath Puja 2021

Mainly associated with Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Surya (Sun) and Goddess Chhathi Maiya. Also referred to as Chhath Parv, Chhetri, Dala Chhath or Dala Puja, this festival is marked by a 4-day long ritual; holy bathing, Nirjal Vrat (complete abstinence from food and water), offering prayers to the Sun and distributing sweets.

According to the Hindu calendar, Chhath falls on the sixth day of the month of Kartik known as Kartik Shukla Shashti. In 2021, Chhath Puja celebrations will be celebrated on 10th November.

Chhath Puja History and Significance

Chhath Puja | History and Significance

Chhath Puja | History and Significance

Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival in which Lord Surya (Sun) is worshipped; as per popular beliefs, worshipping the Sun god has spiritual and health benefits.

It is believed that Rama and Sita observed Chhath after returning from their exile on Kartik Shukla Shashti which indicates that the holy tradition of worshipping the Sun is as old as the Hindu religion. People from the Indian subcontinent and Terai region of Nepal, celebrate this festival as an occasion to honour Mother Nature by holding a 2-day long fast and worshipping the Sun.

Chhath Puja Celebrations across India

Chhath Puja | Celebrations across India

Chhath Puja | Celebrations across India

As mentioned earlier, Chhath Puja is a 4-day long festival; ‘Nahay Khay’, ‘Kharna’, ‘Shaam Ki Arghya and ‘Paran. The first day begins with ‘Nahay Khay’ when devotees take a holy dip in water and then consume a traditional feast including rice, daal and bottle gourd. Next day involves following the customs of ‘Kharna’ which is observed by a full day of Nirjal Vrat (dry fasting). Vratis eat kheer-puri at dinner.

Following day marks ‘Shaam Ki Arghya’ which is the holy ritual of worshipping the setting Sun. The final day marks Paran for which devotees reach a riverbank (ghat) for offering prayer to the rising Sun. Worshippers offer sweets and fruits to the Sun and seek its blessing while standing in a natural water body.

The Chhath Puja is being celebrated over four days this year, from 18th November to 21st November 2020, with Surya Shashthi (main day) falling on 20th November 2019.

Day Date Ritual
Thursday 31-Oct-2019 Nahay-Khay
Friday 01-Nov-2019 Lohanda and Kharna
Saturday 2 No-2019 Sandhya Argh
Sunday 03-Nov-2019 Suryodaya/Usha Argh and Paran 

Once the prayers are done, devotees consume their first meal of that day as prasad with which the 4-day long festivities of Chhath Puja are concluded. Many communities in Bihar organise grand get together for friends and families in the evening.

Best Places to Observe Chhath Puja Celebrations in India

Other Holidays in November 2021

Event / Festival Day / Date Holiday Type
Diwali Thu 04-Nov-2021 Gazetted Holiday
Govardhan Puja Fri 05-Nov-2021 Restricted Holiday
Bhai Dooj Sat 06-Nov-2021 Gazetted Holiday
Guru Nanak Jayanti Fri 19-Nov-2021 Gazetted Holiday

Year-Wise Chhath Puja Observances

YEAR DAY DATE Event/Festival
2015 Tue 17-Nov Chhath Puja
2016 Sun 6-Nov Chhath Puja
2017 Thur 26-Oct Chhath Puja
2018 Tue 13-Nov Chhath Puja
2019 Sat 2-Nov Chhath Puja
2020 Fri 20-Nov Chhath Puja
2021 Wed 10-Nov Chhath Puja
2022 Sun 30-Oct Chhath Puja
2023 Sun 19-Nov Chhath Puja
2024 Thur 7-Nov Chhath Puja
2025 Mon 27-Nov Chhath Puja
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