Janmashtami is a popular festival celebrated by Hindus all across the country. Also known as Shri Krishna Janmashtami and Gokulashtami, this day is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Krishna. According to the legends, the eighth son of Devki, Lord Shri Krishna was born on the 8th day of the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadrapada (August-September). Janmashtami 2023 will be celebrated on 6 and 7th September.
Gokulashtami, Shree Jayanti, Saatam Aatham, Krishnashtami, Ashtami Rohini, Krishna Jayanthi, Shuvo Janmashtami
Janmashtami Timings (Mahurat)
3:37 pm on 6th September to 4:14 pm on 7th September
Day and Date
Wednesday and Thursday, 6th and 7th September
Birthplace and Upbringing Place
Mathura and Vrindavan
Pooja, Dancing, Singing, Fasting, Night Vigil
Janmashtami History and Significance
According to the Hindu texts, Shri Lord Krishna came into this world as the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu and the destroyer of evil on this day.
Ancient Hindu literature, including Bhagawad Gita and Bhagwata Purana, clearly states the story of Lord Krishna’s birth and how his maternal uncle, King Kansa, wanted to kill him. And ever since his birth, every 8th day called Krishnapaksha of the month of Bhadrapada is celebrated as Krishna Janmashtami. In order to protect lord Krishna, his father Vasudev carried him in a basket across the raging River Yamuna to Vrindavan. There, Krishna was adopted and brought up by Yashoda and Nanda. This year marks the 5250th birth anniversary of Lord Krishna.
Also, many people treat this day as an occasion to honour the victory of good over evil.
People have various rituals to celebrate Janmashtami 2023 according to their beliefs. Some of the rituals are:
- Celebrations at Temples: People visit temples nearby and in different cities as well to offer their prayers and seek blessings from Shri Lord Krishna. Do not miss out on the Janmashtami 2023 ISKCON celebrations.
- Fasting: People fast all day and read the Bhagwad Geeta.
- Abhisheka: In a ritual cleansing termed abhisheka, the idols are also washed in a selection of auspicious milk.
- Midnight Celebrations: At twelve o’clock at night, priests open the drapes to unveil Krishna’s freshly clothed deity on an artistically adorned and decorated shrine.
- Decorations: People decorate flutes, clean homes, and temples as a part of Janmashtami decoration.
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Why Celebration will be celebrated for two days
Janmashtami will be celebrated for two days as the Ashtami Tithi is going to start on September 6 at 03:37 PM and will end on September 7, 2023, at 04:14 PM. Rohini Nakshatra will start on September 6 at 09:20 AM and it will conclude on September 7 at 10:25 AM. So, considering both Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra, Janmashtami will be celebrated on September 6, 2023, and the Dahi Handi celebration will be held on September 7, 2023.
Janmashtami Celebrations across India
The whole nation comes together to celebrate the birthday of Shri Lord Krishna with much fervour and enthusiasm. It is quite common to see kids dressed up as little Krishna, markets lined up with sweet shops and elegant handis, people preparing for the plays (also known as Ras Leela) and temples being decorated with flowers. People also involve in the Dahi Handi celebration by making human pyramids to break the handi of buttermilk. On this day, recitations of verses from the holy books, Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita, are also organised at Hindu shrines. Some even fast through the day. People wish each other by saying “Happy Krishna Janmashtami” and exchange sweets and blessings.
While celebrations throughout the country are mesmerising, some places in India deserve a special mention. It is at these destinations that you can get the true essence of Janmashtami celebrations. Let’s take a look at the different places where this festival finds a special place in the hearts of people.
Mathura which happens to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna has some 400 temples dedicated to Him, all of which are decorated beautifully during this time. Chanting of shlokas, enactment of Raas Leela, fireworks, and jhulotsava are some common ways to welcome Krishna. Celebrations begin almost 10 days before the birthday.
Vrindavan: Vrindavan, which is near the Shri Krishna birthplace Mathura, enthusiastically observes the Krishna Janmashtami. In this enlightened city, Shri Lord Krishna spent his formative years. Ten days before the event, the city starts to celebrate. Temples are adorned with new flowers and lights.
Gokul: As soon as Lord Krishna was born in jail, Vasudeva brought him to Gokul. This is the reason why the celebration, which is observed one day after the primary holiday, is also known as Gokulashtami. On this day, worshippers sing hymns, recite mantras, blow shells, and ring bells. People do Janmashtami decorations at home with flowers.
Dwarka: Dwarka is a beautiful city and the home of Lord Krishna. After leaving Mathura, Lord Krishna is said to have stayed here for 5,000 years. The town holds a month-long ‘Janmashtami Utsav’ festival. Mangal aarti is done at temples all across the city.
2. Udupi, Karnataka
The southern region of India also gets into the festive mood during Janmashtami. Dance-drama events called Vittal Pindi (or Rass Leela) are performed by the locals in Udupi, Karnataka. Gopuras are erected, below which the chariot with the Lord’s idol moves across the city. Earthen pots filled with curd (or dahi handi) are hung on gopuras and later broken by sticks. Huli vesha dancers are also a huge attraction during the celebrations, besides local contests featuring people dressed up in ethnic costumes. Prasadam is distributed among the devotees and devotional songs are sung at temples.
3. Imphal, Manipur
Unlike the other festivals of North India that aren’t as famous in this part of the country, Janmashtami witnesses a huge crowd of devotees at Mahabali Temple Sri Govindjee Temple. People observe fast and visit the temple offering floral tribute to Lord Krishna. Folk dance performances are a major part of Janmashtami festivities in Manipur.
4. Mumbai-Pune, Maharashtra
In Maharashtra, this day is observed as Dahi-Handi and witnesses competitions for breaking a high-hung, earthen pot filled with yogurt, milk, water and fruits. Youths form groups, known as Govinda Pathaks, for competing with each other by forming a human pyramid for reaching the high-hung pot and breaking it as Krishna used to do in his notorious childhood. Gifts and cash prizes as large as Rs. 12 lahks are then awarded to the winning team.
5. Puri, Odisha
Famous for Jagannath Temple, Puri, Odisha has its own set of celebrations that are unique to the region. People observe fast till midnight which is considered as the hour of Krishna’s birth and chant “Hare Krishna” and “Hari Bol”. Religious songs are sung and verses from the Bhagavad Gita are recited at the temples, which are beautifully decorated for the special festivities. Several forms of sweets are cooked at home and distributed among everyone.
Places like Dwarka in Gujarat (the place where Lord Krishna laid down his kingdom) celebrate this day as Makhan Handi, which translates to ‘an earthen pot filled with butter’ in English. Apart from these, places like Assam and parts of Tamil Nadu also celebrate the festival with great zeal and gusto.
Other Festivals in India with Holiday Type
|Festivals in India||Day||Date||Holiday Type|
|New Year||Sunday||1 January||Public|
|Makar Sankranti||Saturday||14 January||Restricted|
|Basant Panchmi||Thursday||26 January||Restricted|
|Republic Day||Thursday||26 January||Public|
|Guru Ravidass Jayanti||Sunday||5 February||Restricted|
|Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanti||Wednesday||15 February||Restricted|
|Ram Navami||Thursday||30 March||Restricted|
|Mahavir Jayanti||Tuesday||4 April||Restricted|
|Good Friday||Friday||7 April||Public|
|Eid Ul Fitr||Saturday||22 April||Public|
|Buddha Purnima||Friday||5 May||Public|
|Rabindra Jayanti||Tuesday||9 May||Restricted|
|Rath Yatra||Tuesday||20 June||Restricted|
|Eid Al Adha||Thursday||29 June||Restricted|
|Independence Day||Tuesday||15 August||Public|
|Parsi New Year Navroz||Wednesday||16 August||Restricted|
|Raksha Bandhan||Wednesday||30 August||Restricted|
|Ganesh Chaturthi||Tuesday||19 September||Restricted|
|Id E Milad||Thursday||28 September||Public|
|Gandhi Jayanti||Monday||2 October||Public|
|Shardiya Navratri||Sunday||15 October||No Holiday|
|Durga Puja||Friday||20 October||No Holiday|
|Valmiki Jayanti||Saturday||28 October||Restricted|
|Halloween Day||Tuesday||31 October||No Holiday|
|Karva Chauth||Tuesday||1 November||Restricted|
|Karnataka Rajyotsava||Tuesday||1 November||Restricted|
|Kerala Piravi||Tuesday||1 November||Restricted|
|Ahoi Ashtami||Sunday||5 November||No Holiday|
|Dhanteras||Saturday||11 November||No Holiday|
|Kali Puja||Sunday||12 November||No Holiday|
|Lakshmi Puja||Sunday||12 November||No Holiday|
|Govardhan Puja||Monday||13 November||Public|
|Bhai Dooj||Tuesday||14 November||Restricted|
|Chhath Puja||Sunday||19 November||Restricted|
|Guru Nanak Jayanti||Monday||27 November||Public|
|Kartik Purnima||Monday||27 November||No Holiday|
Year-Wise Janmashtami Observances
Q. When is Krishna Janmashtami 2023?
A. The Janmashtami 2023 date is 6th September, Friday.
Q. Why do we celebrate Lord Krishna Janmashtami?
A. Krishna Janmashtami marks the birth of Lord Krishna, the eighth manifestation of the deity Vishnu. It is one of the most significant Hindu holidays.
Q. What is the timing of Janmashtami in 2023?
A. According to the Hindu calendar, the Bhadrapada month is starting on 06 September 2023 at 03.37 pm. Ashtami Tithi will end on 07 September 2023 at 04.14 pm.
Q. Where is the birthplace of Krishna?
A. The birthplace of Krishna is in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Q. When is Janmashtami 2023?
A. Janmashtami will be celebrated on 6th September 2023.
Q. What was the Mathura Janmashtami 2022 date?
A. Janmashtami was celebrated on 18 Aug to 19 Aug in Mathura in 2022.